Pedicularis groenlandica (Elephant Head) - photos and description

Pedicularis groenlandica

Pedicularis groenlandica

Pedicularis groenlandica

Pedicularis groenlandica

Pedicularis groenlandica

Pedicularis groenlandica

Pedicularis groenlandica
Stem leaf in above photo

Pedicularis groenlandica
Basal leaf in above photo

General: Erect plants with stout stems often growing in clumps. Plants glabrous.

Flowers: Showy, terminal spikes of magenta flowers, flowers measured to 1 cm long, spike to 13 cm long. Flowers identify the plant, resembling an elephant's head, ears and trunk. Flowers with a slight fragrance. Lobed bract under each flower.

Leaves: Leaves lanceolate, pinnately lobed, leaflets serrate and leaflets often purple-tipped. Leaves reduced upwards, stem leaves with a short stalk. Basal leaf highlighted in photo above was measured at 11 cm long and 2.5 cm wide.

Height: Height listed in Budd's Flora to 60 cm, we measured plants to 49 cm tall.

Habitat: Fens and wet meadows, boreal forest, western edge of the province.

Abundance: Very rare, ranked as an S2 (as of 2019) by the Saskatchewan Conservation Data Centre.

Origin: Native.

When and where photographed: Took the above photos July 3rd in a roadside wet meadow Boreal forest, about 500 km northwest of our home in Regina, SK.